Interviewee Profile

Name: Dhingo Pemba Gapatsang
(Alias: No)

Gender: Male

Interview Age: 83

Date of Birth: 1932

Birthplace: Dema - Derge, Kham, Tibet

Year Left Tibet: 1960

Profession: Farming, Herding

Monk/Nun: No

Political Prisoner: No

Interview Details

Interview No.: 23N

Date: 2015-04-09

Language: Tibetan

Location: Kathmandu, Bagmati, Nepal

Categories: Resistance and Revolution

Keywords: childhood memories, Chinese army -- invasion by , Chushi Gangdrug guerrillas, customs/traditions, Dalai Lama -- escape, escape experiences, government/administration, Kham, resistance


Dhingo Pemba Gapatsang was born in Derge Dema in Kham in 1932. His was a large family of 11 members that together managed both farming and nomadic activities. His father served as an assistant to a minister of the King of Derge. Dhingo Pemba Gapatsang describes his father's responsibilities, including the sale of lumber. His father took him and his brothers along on his tours of the district to perform various duties so they could learn how to do the job themselves. Dhingo Pemba Gapatsang explains how the system of governance functioned in Derge.

As the Chinese army advanced into Kham, Dhingo Pemba Gapatsang along with his father and brothers left their village to fight against the invaders. He became separated from his family as they fled from the Chinese and never saw them alive again. He feared the Chinese because they were appointing poor villagers as leaders and influencing them to conduct the thamzing 'struggle sessions' the wealthy, the leaders, lamas and monks.

Dhingo Pemba Gapatsang joined the Chushi Gangdruk Defend Tibet Volunteer Force and traveled all the way to Lhasa. He gives an exhaustive account of his 3-year resistance against the Chinese and how the Chushi Gangdruk organized His Holiness the Dalai Lama's escape from Lhasa. Dhingo Pemba Gapatsang and his horse were both hit by bullets during a Chinese attack, but he survived due to his protective amulet and he was rescued by another resistance fighter.

Interview Team:

  • Tenzin Yangchen (Interpreter)
  • Katharine Davies Samway (Interviewer)
  • Dhiraj Kafle (Videographer)
Interview Video

Link: Watch On Youtube

Topic: Interview with Dhingo Pemba Gapatsang on 4/9/2015

Length: 02:06:25

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