Interview Age: 84
Date of Birth: 1929
Birthplace: Chushul, Utsang, Tibet
Year Left Tibet: 1960
Political Prisoner: No
Interview No.: 8B
Location: Lugsung Samdupling Settlement, Bylakuppe, Karnataka, India
Categories: Culture and History, Resistance and Revolution
Keywords: childhood memories, customs/traditions, environment/wildlife, farm life, Chinese army -- invasion by , March 10th Uprising, Chinese -- oppression under, taxes, thamzing/struggle sessions, Utsang, clothing/weaving
Dolma is from Chushul in Utsang Province. She is the youngest in the family of farmers. Her parents cultivated barley, peas and wheat, and the family was self-sufficient. She explains how farming and irrigation were carried out in her village. Around the age of 10 Dolma was adopted by a relative and moved to Lhasa to live with her new family.
In Lhasa she learned new skills like knitting sweaters, making boots and hair tassels. Dolma describes preparing the raw materials for the beautiful tassels which were made of parachute cords and explains how she sold her hand-crafted products to local shops and traders. She then describes how life in Lhasa changed drastically with the appearance of the Chinese.
Dolma describes how poor Tibetans were forced to conduct thamzing 'struggle sessions' upon their employers and monks and nuns were forced by the Chinese to relinquish their celibacy. She narrates in detail the events at Norbulingka where the people of Lhasa assembled to protect His Holiness the Dalai Lama in 1959. She witnessed the shelling of the Norbulingka by the Chinese, which lasted for two nights and saw many dead and injured Tibetans just outside her window. The Tibetan Women's Association organized an incense offering for the safe journey of His Holiness the Dalai Lama to India, but then all the leaders were also subjected to thamzing.
- Marcella Adamski (Interviewer)
- Tenzin Yangchen (Interpreter)
- Pema Tashi (Videographer)